How can electric vehicles push Indonesia towards zero carbon?

electric vehicle


This is my thought about the importance of living below zero carbon for future generations. If we want to address climate change, we need to find new ways to do things that don’t release greenhouse gases, including the way we move. When most people imagine what contributes to climate change, electric vehicles are one of the first things that come to mind.




The largest contributor to emissions




Here in Indonesia, transportation is one of the largest contributors to emissions. but you may be surprised to learn that it only contributes 1.48% of global emissions. Perhaps that figure looks small considering China is still the world’s largest producer of emissions at 29.18%. However, the figure is quite significant if we see that Indonesia is the number 10 contributor globally and 30 percent of it comes from transportation. Indonesia is time to switch to environmentally friendly transportation and in fact, we are on our way there.




My goal is not to make people less mobile or traveling, just to find ways to mitigate the impact of inefficient driving. As we saw that the last few months we were forced to stay home for pandemic reasons and let the world “breathe” for a moment.




Need alternative energy




Before discussing electricity transportation, the distribution of transportation in Indonesia is also still not widely affordable. Remote areas, for example, moving from one place to another are still a live bet because the road it travels is too extreme for example. To do that, we need to make sure transportation remains affordable to everyone. Products like gasoline, diesel, and even jet fuel are standard for a reason: they can take you far at a low cost per liter. So how can we handle it? I can say the simple answer is one with the use of electricity on transportation.




There is potential in electric vehicles




An electric vehicle or in English Electric Vehicle is a vehicle that uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for its drive. Electric vehicles can be powered through a collector’s system with electricity from sources outside the vehicle or can be equipped with batteries, solar panels, fuel cells, or electric generators to convert fuel into electricity. Electric vehicles include land and rail vehicles, surface and underwater vessels, electric aircraft, and electric spacecraft.




Looking at the main source of battery, lately, the price of battery has experienced a significant decrease and is easy to reach. Indonesia itself has huge reserves of nickel and cobalt raw materials to be developed into the lithium battery industry as the main component of electric vehicles. I think Indonesia is also ready to be a manufacturer although it still has to work with other countries that already have advanced technology. 

What is interesting is that BloombergNEF estimates that the total cost of battery pack production in Indonesia could be 8% lower than in China. This means that it is expected that low production costs make electric vehicles in Indonesia more realistic.




The challenge to zero carbon




Battery-powered electric vehicles are better suited for short and medium travel in my personal opinion. Like a private car, bus, or motorcycle. The average electric car is capable of traveling 250 to 400 km on a single charge. 

Manufacturer Tesla, for example, has an electric car capable of touching 595 kilometers through the Model S Long Range. The problem is that the battery is heavy and the heavier the battery the heavier the load carried. I think that electric vehicles may never or have not been practical solutions to things like 18-wheeled vehicles, cargo ships, and passenger jets. Electric vehicles are excellent for short-haul vehicle replacements, but we need different solutions for long-distance vehicles. Maybe you have a different opinion on this.




Future and hope




Switching to electric vehicles is the most effective way we can move towards zero emissions from the transport sector for the next year. While there are a few other steps we can take to reduce emissions such as using fuel more efficiently, and moving less, and switching to other alternative energy that is environmentally friendly and still needs more innovation. Hopefully, in the future, Indonesia can soon realize zero carbon.




Thanks for reading. Also, read other articles in the blog category. This writing was inspired by my attention to cutting-edge technology and environmental sustainability.







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